Python Authenticate To Website

The username is sent in clear text, but I use MD5 to encrypt the password. org (Evolved from the language-agnostic parts of IPython, Python 3) Azure Notebooks; learnpython. You’re pushing, or POSTing your data. It makes building Python web applications no different than building any other object-oriented program. It is compatible with any 2. Authentication and Authorization are often used together. This tutorial will be using Python 2. 3 you can specify how long a socket should wait for a response before timing out. Security is always something that is changing and evolving. The Python Software Foundation ("PSF") does not claim ownership of any third-party code or content ("third party content") placed on the web site and has no obligation of any kind with respect to such third party content. Write tests to create and verify JWTs and user authentication. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Adding Firebase to your web service enables you to authenticate users so that you can give each user a personalized experience. Contents1 Using pure Python or C Extension2 Closing Connection3 Using Configuration Files To connect to the database we use the connect() function of the mysql. If your app requests information beyond people's default profile fields and email, you need to submit your app for Login Review. It’s a good idea to know what’s available before going in that direction, though. I'm using Selenium python binding to setup an automation test for our web application. I want users to login into my RESTful API so only they can see (protected) resources. Inserting a variable in MongoDB specifying _id field. A Beginner-Level Tutorial to Ray - A New Python Framework. Python Web Crawler With Authentication. It wasn't very straight forward as I expected so I've decided to write a tutorial for it. y (where x and y are the major and minor version numbers of the Python release, e. The answer is definitely a YES! See this Python Web Browser based Biometric Fingerprint Authentication software pack I developed here below. The authentication protocol is any process the web server uses to verify the identity of a user to ascertain whether or not to grant the user access to network resources. However our API (and the data) was open to public, anyone could read / add / delete subscribers from our mailing list. JWT_AUTH_ENDPOINT: The authentication endpoint name. NET Application from the Start page in Visual Studio. Web2py, developed by Massimo De Pierro, is a cross-platform web application framework written in Python programming language. Login to your Python API applications with Active Directory Includes, identity management, single sign on, multifactor authentication, social login and more. “username” will be the key and our user name / email will be the value (on other sites this might be “email”, “user_name”, “login”, etc. Dispatch("Outlook. Logging people in to your app. Using APIs with Python Requests Module. There are requirements for social auth with Google and Facebook as well as local registration. This article shows you how to authenticate your application when using the Python management libraries. The Python Software Foundation ("PSF") does not claim ownership of any third-party code or content ("third party content") placed on the web site and has no obligation of any kind with respect to such third party content. There are times when we get an authentication pop up when we hit application url based on the authentication type set by the network/application servers. Okta makes it much easier to drop-in a complete user authentication system without a lot of additional effort. To connect to a remote Jupyter server, run this new command Python: Specify Jupyter server URI in the Visual Studio Code Command Palette. The collection of libraries and resources is based on the Awesome Python List and direct contributions here. You’ll set up a web server and create a simple website using Flask, Python, and HTML/CSS. This causes our corporate proxy server to always return HTTP code 407. It is an example for performing a simple operation rather than a technical document. xmlrpc Download - These classes subclass several of the culprits in twisted. Few points that favor Python over Java to use with Selenium is, Java programs tend to run slower compared to Python programs. To connect to a remote Jupyter server, run this new command Python: Specify Jupyter server URI in the Visual Studio Code Command Palette. I am using the requests module, but if another module is better, can use that one instead. The simplest way that Kibana and/or application servers can authenticate to an Elasticsearch cluster is by embedding a username and password in their configuration files or source code. The concept of authentication and authorization is enabled by default in Django using sessions. Using APIs with Python Requests Module. Build better web apps, faster, with our managed application platform optimized for Python. Chances are these endpoints could use HTTP Basic Authentication for authenticating the HTTP request sender. So, to simplify the process, we can also download the data as raw text and format it. An API (Application Programming Interface) is a framework for building HTTP. Linux Subversion Server and Trac Server: This tutorial covers the installation, configuration and administration of a Linux Subversion Server and Trac server. Turns out, there's an excellent project called Python Social Auth, and it covers pretty much any social website with an authentication API. These are the internal database of the ZoneDirector, RADIUS, Active Directory and LDAP. Python Web Scraping - Form based Websites - In the previous chapter, we have seen scraping dynamic websites. 3 (might work on surrounding versions too), the aim of this project would be to change the existing codebase so that it additionally works on newer python versions too, for example Python 3. Recommended Python Training - DataCamp. Create an HgWeb website in IIS. Set an authentication state observer and get user data. I’m not talking about using string interpolated system calls and parsing command line returns, or some other janky method. By the end of this course, you'll be able to pull news stories, crypto price data, and more and output it onto the screen of your website automatically. 7, PostgreSQL, HTML, CSS, Javascript, AJAX, RESTFul API's. The webbrowser module provides a high-level interface to allow displaying Web-based documents to users. This is something on top of my list of things I have to do. algorithms - Minimal examples of data structures and algorithms in Python. it for Python. It wasn't very straight forward as I expected so I've decided to write a tutorial for it. An API (Application Programming Interface) is a framework for building HTTP. If you're interested in developing your own authentication module, or are curious about the details of implementing OAuth 2. API key (recommended) Authenticate to the SendGrid API by creating an API Key in the Settings section of the SendGrid UI. The Requests module lets you integrate your Python programs with web services, while the Beautiful Soup module is designed to make screen-scraping get done quickly. Extracting data from Sharepoint using Python and REST api - Part I May 30, 2017 June 2, 2017 Dibyaranjan A RESTful API uses HTTP requests to GET, POST, PUT and DELETE data from Microsoft Sharepoint. This means that strong security can be obtained using weak passwords. This method uses NTLM to provide the Windows credentials. Microsoft Authentication Library (MSAL) for Python Preview. In this post we’ll show you how to set up authentication for your Python REST API using JSON Web Tokens. I have the python script setup and working. It is an open source and free-to-use Python web framework, released in September 2007. I am running Python 2. Now, we are happy to say we have the functionality to have a web app require. How can I do it :-) 2. gspread is a Python API for Google Sheets. API key (recommended) Authenticate to the SendGrid API by creating an API Key in the Settings section of the SendGrid UI. json’ file in the credentials folder. We'll use GitHub to provide a quick and easy way to log users in. See "Create the authentication script" for the procedure. We'll show how to send your requests to a website using a proxy, and then we'll show you how to send these requests through multiple IP addresses or proxies. If you are accessing a website that needs authentication (Basic, Digest, OAuth1), Requests can handle it as well. Cork is under development - contributions are welcome. The Jupyter Notebook is an open-source web application that allows you to create and share documents that contain live code, equations, visualizations and narrative text. Producer example. First, verify the authentication type and get the Realm with curl. To understand how it works, start off with the article: How the SharePoint Rest service works. The MSAL library for Python enables your app to access the Microsoft Cloud by supporting authentication of users with Microsoft Azure Active Directory accounts and Microsoft Accounts using industry standard OAuth2 and OpenID Connect. Python contains libraries that make it easy to interact with websites to perform tasks like logging into Gmail. Python interface to Microsoft Outlook Web Access Written by Adrian Holovaty on February 10, 2006 Because I telecommute, I'm limited to using my company's webmail interface, Microsoft Outlook Web Access, rather than having direct POP or IMAP access to e-mail. After logging in, You now have access to all the pages for "members only" accessed with python and it can convert the required pages to pdf format save automatically in your /home/. 0, and Bootstrap v4. He created a few popular Python libraries, worked at most. I was wondering if there is anybody who has a working example of Python connecting to PIWebAPI working with kerberos authentication (using requests-kerberos helper) from a machine which is outside the PI Web API domain. Web Developers can implement authentication system by their own but here two points must be considered, first, implementing a secure authentication system is challenging and a flaw can lead to huge damage; second, the authentication system remains very similar in its implementation, hence following DRY principle (Don't Repeat Yourself) it is. The addition of Python builds on the foundation laid for R Services in SQL Server 2016 and extends that mechanism to include Python support for in-database analytics and machine learning. Login authentication with Flask. The authorization requirements for a site are typically defined in a website’s. ALL Online Courses 75% off for the ENTIRE Month of October - Use Code LEARN75. There are also several python libraries which offer this flow. Yesterday, Python’s core development team announced that PyPI now offers two-factor authentication to increase the security of Python package downloads and thus reduce the risk of unauthorized account access. Web scraping is a technique used to extract data from websites through an automated process. Authentication in this context is not covered on the above web page as near as I can tell. 1 Authentication To get a reference to this endpoint, use the getOvmWsUtilitiesEndpoint() method exposed through the OvmWsApi endpoint. If not None , Django will check for a formats. Now everyone can access this. If you're using Requests, the most popular HTTP library for Python developers, Requests-OAuthlib is a good option for Microsoft Graph authentication. But building a full fledged web server seems like an overkill,. Python - HTTP Authentication - Authentication is the process of determining if the request has come from a valid user who has the required privileges to use the system. Unirest for Python. **Description** Let’s build a user Authorization app in Django!Django and Python can seem overwhelming at first, but they don’t have to be! In this course I’l Udemy - Build a User Authentication Web App With Python and Django. For Python training, our top recommendation is DataCamp. py sample shows how to use Requests-OAuthlib to authenticate to Microsoft Graph from a Bottle web app. I have the python script setup and working. Download and install the appropriate pyodbc module for the installed Python release (for example, Python 2. • Define authentication server* (restricted mode only) • Configure hotspot service • Configure open and secure WLANs * The authentication server can be any of the types supported by the ZoneDirector. This token is then passed via the headers to authenticate subsequent requests. 3 (might work on surrounding versions too), the aim of this project would be to change the existing codebase so that it additionally works on newer python versions too, for example Python 3. Scrapy is an open source web scraping framework written in Python which takes care of everything from downloading HTML if web pages to storing them in the form you want. I have a Python script which is supposed to access various web API's from our server out through to the internet. We are hiring! If you care deeply about quality, teamwork, and want to build software that people love. This HOWTO describes some of the methods used to combine Python with a web server to create dynamic content. The following steps show how to set up the installed Python interpreter as a script engine for use with IIS and ASP. 5 (280 ratings) Course Ratings are calculated from individual students' ratings and a variety of other signals, like age of rating and reliability, to ensure that they reflect course quality fairly and accurately. 0 specification. For each of your app's pages that need information about the signed-in user, attach an observer to the global authentication object. LinkChecker checks links in web documents or full websites. The same way browsers deal with them. (Python) SharePoint User Authentication (Windows classic mode authentication) Demonstrates how to achieve Windows classic mode authentication with SharePoint. Which is I think easiest programming language that can fit in any kind of application development. We are also going to see how we can restrict. Web scraping is the practice of using a computer program to sift through a web page and gather the data that you need in a format most useful to you while at the same time preserving the structure of the data. (Installation)Requests III is an HTTP library for Python, built for Humans and Machines, alike. Firebase Authentication plat_ios plat_android plat_web plat_cpp plat_unity plat_node plat_java Most apps need to know the identity of a user. While I'd like to say that over the course of my programming tenure I've learned to easily add authentication to any app I create, my attempts tend to devolve into me bickering with myself endlessly over a User schema and the most efficient way to share my user data between components. Learn more. Google Authenticator implementation in Python on Stack Overflow; Authenticator on F-Droid; Django-MFA Implementation Using Google Authenticator - Django-mfa is a simple package to add extra layer of security to your django web application. Application"). The team announced that the 2FA will be introduced as a login security option on the Python Package Index. SimpleHTTPServer is a python module which allows you to instantly create a web server or serve your files in a snap. Sometimes, it really hard to implement this Google authentication with. This means that strong security can be obtained using weak passwords. 1 Authentication To get a reference to this endpoint, use the getOvmWsUtilitiesEndpoint() method exposed through the OvmWsApi endpoint. e the webpage, the l. Includes tutorials for Apollo, Relay, React and NodeJS. The most attractive fact about python is moreover, it focuses on a syntax that would allow programmers to express their concepts using fewer lines of codes. To integrate your authentication system with your Splunk deployment, make sure the authentication system is running and then do the following: 1. OAuth 2: Web Security & Application Authentication 3. Introduction. With the help of this course you can Learn To Register Users, Log In, Log Out, Edit Profiles, and More!. This article shows you how to authenticate your application when using the Python management libraries. Projects hosted on Google Code remain available in the Google Code Archive. Defaults to username. If you need secure hashes or message digest algorithms, then Python’s standard library has you covered in the hashlib module. Web Frameworks for Python. htaccess /. JSON Web Tokens (or JWTs) provide a means of transmitting information from the client to the server in a stateless, secure way. A complete discussion of these two libraries would take a long time, but explaining the basics is pretty simple. x Python from 2. Projects hosted on Google Code remain available in the Google Code Archive. Python Web Crawler With Authentication. It includes the FIPS secure hash algorithms SHA1, SHA224, SHA256, SHA384, and SHA512 as well as RSA’s MD5 algorithm. Authenticate. You may offer web services and want other companies to be able to authenticate their applications' access to those services. 7 Using suds Module Recently, a former colleague of mine asked me to build him a Web Service Client. This is to be expected, as Flask is a microframework, meaning there is less code needed to execute it’s commands. Data Access. (CkPython) HTTP Authentication (Basic, NTLM, Digest, Negotiate/Kerberos) Demonstrates how to use HTTP authentication. Web sites don’t always provide their data in comfortable formats such as CSV or JSON. SendGrid supports both API key and basic authentication, depending on the functionality you are using. I just finished working on a personal project, it is a sort of email type program where you create an account and you can message people, the code works (as far as I’m aware) but it requires review,. Python Web Flask - Free download as PDF File (. Unfortunately, authentication is not always easy to set up and there are many ways to incorrectly implement login and logout features. js, check out our beginner. Following this tutorial, you will be able to run Microchip’s “Zero Touch Secure Provisioning” demo for secure authentication to AWS IoT in simple Python using Zerynth tools. Connecting to SQL Server and making SQL queries can be incorporated into Python to aid common GIS geoprocessing tasks. Problem: - write a python script to access pages that are password protected, but DONT return a 401 forbidden code. An administrator can enable LDAP authentication as follows: Go to Site administration > Plugins > Authentication > Manage authentication and click the eye icon opposite LDAP Server. Personal token authentication is the preferred authentication method. Configure a Python interpreter. The web-application vulnerability scanner. programming. Learn more. I'm trying to access on a web page that needs user and password authentication. Edit; Comments; Info; Attachments; More Actions:. 4, if your Python version is 3. The Python client library can be used to work with either public or private feeds. And of course, bindings for WebKitGTK+ exists for Python, one of my favorite programming languages. Django comes with a user authentication system. Working of JWT When using JWT for authentication you'd usually store the token in the browser's localstorage or sessionstorage. htaccess /. To understand how it works, start off with the article: How the SharePoint Rest service works. This section of the documentation explains how the default implementation works out of the box, as well as how to extend and customize it to suit your project's needs. Now that we’ve defined what needs to happen during the initialization of our client object, we can move on to starting the authentication workflow. 0 supersedes the work done on the original OAuth protocol created in 2006. Web Scraping Reference: A Simple Cheat Sheet for Web Scraping with Python October 24, 2018 Once you've put together enough web scrapers, you start to feel like you can do it in your sleep. Fill in any relevant optional fields. The way a browser identifies itself is through the User-Agent header 3. txt) or read online for free. Below is the code for a very basic website that only uses a username and password for authentication. Understanding and selecting authentication methods. to authenticate requests using. The popular and well-regarded Django framework has been around since 2005. If anyone has either a solution to this issue or sample code that does work it would be greatly appreciated. It is designed from low level specifications implementations to high level frameworks integrations, to meet the needs of everyone. The authentication defaults to HTTP Basic (username/password in the clear) if one is not specified. Flask (web framework) Werkzeug is a utility library for the Python programming language, in other words a toolkit for Web Server Gateway Interface (WSGI) applications, and is licensed under a BSD License. In this case, we will be doing a web search with duckduckgo. slack-client - An library released by Kifi, supporting Slack app authentication, incoming webhooks, and the web API scala-slack - A Slack client for Scala slack-scala-client - A Scala Slack client for the Web and RTM API. Here is a code by @kenneth himself distinguishing urllib2 and requests. These REST hooks are similar to webhooks, but provide a different mechanism for subscribing to updates via a REST interface. We're looking for a developer person who can add authentication to the (Django Rest Framework) back end of our application. If I use a GPG key for SSH, you can select a known, good key for me using the GPG web of trust from a public keyserver. JSON Web tokens are similar, you plug your token to an authentication system and get access to restricted data that belongs to you. Dynamics 365 and Python integration using the Web API November 27, 2016 in Microsoft Dynamics CRM , Dynamics 365 , programming , integration , Python A few days back I wrote a post that showed an easy way to set up Dynamics 365 and Node. Another option for writing “proper” multi-line comments in Python is to use multi-line strings with the """ syntax in creative ways. * Technologies Used: Flask-Restful, Python 3. This repository is a work in progress, and the expected release timeline is “before PyCon 2020”. The Python videos were announced by senior program manager Christopher Harrison and produced with Susan Ibach. It makes building Python web applications no different than building any other object-oriented program. You'll be amazed how quick and easy it is to create very professional looking websites, even if you have no programming or web design experience at all. SMS Notifications Odoo. But the mere existence of a WSGI spec does nothing to address the existing state of servers and frameworks for Python web applications. If you're using Requests, the most popular HTTP library for Python developers, Requests-OAuthlib is a good option for Microsoft Graph authentication. In this tutorial you are going to learn how to implement Token-based authentication using Django REST Framework (DRF). To speed up development most web frameworks have popular authentication libraries. Python interface to Microsoft Outlook Web Access Written by Adrian Holovaty on February 10, 2006 Because I telecommute, I'm limited to using my company's webmail interface, Microsoft Outlook Web Access, rather than having direct POP or IMAP access to e-mail. After that token based authenticated API is created. How To Create A Web Server In Python Using Flask. y (where x and y are the major and minor version numbers of the Python release, e. First, verify the authentication type and get the Realm with curl. Install on the host of your choice. The last form of user authentication I’ll discuss is Flask-Login. Refactoring of current website so that it uses Django - 2. If retrieved in this way, login credentials are handed off such that the client using this new endpoint can access the Utilities API without the need to re-authenticate. Make Yahoo! Web Service REST calls with Python. 1 Cookie Basics. Python Web Scraping - Form based Websites - In the previous chapter, we have seen scraping dynamic websites. Learn more about OAuth 2. You may offer web services and want other companies to be able to authenticate their applications’ access to those services. The API allows servers to register and authenticate users using public key cryptography instead of a password. OAuth is an authentication protocol that allows a user (resource owner) to grant a third-party application (consumer/client) access to their information on another site (resource). Related course: Python Flask: Make Web Apps with Python. py to create a server and it will have two URLs, one for accessing all users and one for accessing individual users:. In cases like this, you’ll want to use a technique called web scraping to get the data from the web page into a format you can work with in your analysis. Comment and share: How to add two-factor authentication to your WordPress site By Jack Wallen Jack Wallen is an award-winning writer for TechRepublic and Linux. Thanks in advance. This example was written to call an SMS gateway in order to send text messages to a mobile phone. In Python 2. The rest service uses web. Attach the observer using the onAuthStateChanged method. App Dev Manager Chris Westbrook tackles the topic of moving legacy ASP. It is designed to stay out of the way and let you focus on what your application should do. In this tutorial, we’ll show you how to perform web scraping using Python 3 and the BeautifulSoup library. pdf), Text File (. Python is the language of choice for millions of developers worldwide, due to its gentle learning curve as well as its vast applications in day-to-day programming. Python Web Crawler With Authentication. User authentication is a basic feature in web applications so people can create and access their own accounts. CherryPy is a pythonic, object-oriented web framework CherryPy allows developers to build web applications in much the same way they would build any other object-oriented Python program. Python Social Auth - Django, Flask and other Python web frameworks. Option 2: Using Multi-line Strings as Comments. The MSAL library for Python enables your app to access the Microsoft Cloud by supporting authentication of users with Microsoft Azure Active Directory accounts and Microsoft Accounts using industry standard OAuth2 and OpenID Connect. Python Web Scraping - Form based Websites - In the previous chapter, we have seen scraping dynamic websites. As a Python programmer, leveraging Flask allows you to quickly and easily build your own web applications. Private feeds require that you authenticate to the YouTube servers. 6 Example Code Using REST 2. Depending on the scopes granted to the token, it potentially has the ability to read and write data. By standardizing behavior and communication between web servers and Python web frameworks, WSGI makes it possible to write portable Python web code that can be deployed in any WSGI-compliant web server. However, bugs might occur or implementation details might be wrong. Using these services from Python is quite easy, especially with a native Python wrapper or software development kit (SDK). Python web framework benchmarks indicate that Flask is slightly faster at loading information from a database. Datacamp has beginner to advanced Python training that programmers of all levels benefit from. To get started, run the following commands from the terminal:. You can leave the ‘Callback URL’ field blank, as this is only used if you are building a web application to authenticate as a specific Last. PycURL can be used to fetch objects identified by a URL from a Python program, similar to the urllib Python module. July 1, 2019 Web Server Patching. The WebSocket protocol is a young technology, and brings with it some risks. I am trying to post a request to log in to a website using the Requests module in Python but its not really working. Insert only accepts a final document or an array of documents, and an optional object which contains additional options for the collection. 5 to use nice asyncio coroutine syntax. The username and password combination is transmitted in clear text, and is not secure without some form of transport encryption. How can I do it :-) 2. Setting up Google Apps authentication with Odoo 8 12 Comments Posted by daviddean99 on September 18, 2014 If you have Google Apps then you probably want to allow your Odoo users to login with their Google account. If you are trying to create a local application, here is a sample of how to handle authentication over localhost with Python If you need to change your app's Redirect URI, note that at this time, the app must be deleted and re-created. Connector/Python can use a pure Python interface to MySQL, or a C Extension that uses the MySQL C client library. Within the header, there is a value called user-agent, which defines the browser that is accessing the website's server. If you're interested in developing your own authentication module, or are curious about the details of implementing OAuth 2. Front-end / Client side is nothing but what you see as a user on the browser, i. The API has Python modules, classes, functions, and types for managing and working with elements of the ArcGIS platform information model. Please give me tips on minimizing code and making things shorter, point out any bad programming practices I used here and how I can change them and look out. The authentication they provide determines what data they are authorized to see. Using REST APIs in Python. It accepts connection credentials and returns an object of type MySQLConnection or CMySQLConnection (if C extension is installed). It has always been possible to use Python for creating web sites, but it was a rather tedious task. y (where x and y are the major and minor version numbers of the Python release, e. Private feeds require that you authenticate to the YouTube servers. It gives web app a randomly changing password as an extra protection. If you don't want to muck around with headers (or the 2 managers you need to create to achieve this in [code]urllib2[/code]), the excellent [code]requests[/code] library comes with support for all kinds of authentication schemes out of the box. I have the python script setup and working. What if i want to show the name of the logged in user on the. pyramid_ldap3 provides LDAP authentication services for your Pyramid application. See my article on cookielib - for an example of how to use it. By default urllib identifies itself as Python-urllib/x. Delve deeper into the topic and learn how it can be installed, and how Python Requests can be used to your advantage. At this time, we should know what an API is and what it does. Web services and their APIs abound. Our goal is to help you find the software and libraries you need. Many applications and servers use this method to connect a series of requests into a single logical session. The authentication defaults to HTTP Basic (username/password in the clear) if one is not specified. As part of the procees, it describes how to configure AMQ to authenticate users from LDAP and allow only users from a specified group to access the AMQ management console and publish messages in queues. API Keys provide either-or solution, whereas JWT provide much granular control, which can be inspected for any debugging purpose. Additional, we now know the basics of JSON. Datacamp has beginner to advanced Python training that programmers of all levels benefit from. I want to download a file from my sharepoint 2016 server using Python. Some basic support for the GreenHopper REST API also exists. By continuing to browse this site, you agree to this use. 3 What URI Mappings are Available and How do They Work? 2. Besides teaching Python at Treehouse, Kenneth Love is a husband & father. The original site gets your service ticket from the URL, and verifies it with login. In this course, Joe Marini demonstrates how to use Python to send, retrieve, and deliver web-based data to users. Understanding and selecting authentication methods. x branch of pymssql is built on the latest release of FreeTDS which removes many of the limitations found with older FreeTDS versions and the 1. 6 Example Code Using REST 2. to authenticate requests using. Python login screen Flask. Learn how XML and JSON are used to store and exchange data, see how to use Python to retrieve XML and JSON data over the web, and find out how to parse that data using a range of different Python modules and features. When it comes to identity management, whether you're developing a single-page app (SPA), a Web, mobile or desktop app, you need a full-featured platform that empowers you as a developer to support authentication for a variety of modern app architectures. Easy authentication¶ In the interest of open science, we allow you to freely download all public resources, also through the APIs (rate limits apply when necessary). For a school project, we have to implement LDAP authentication in edX. By default urllib identifies itself as Python-urllib/x. I have a Python script which is supposed to access various web API's from our server out through to the internet. The Web Authentication API (also known as WebAuthn) is a specification written by the W3C and FIDO, with the participation of Google, Mozilla, Microsoft, Yubico, and others. Slambook is an online web-based app used to have details of your beloved ones at one place. This HOWTO describes how to perform GET and POST requests using the urllib and urllib2 modules from the Python standard library. For example, you can login into your Unix server using the ssh client, or access your email server using the POP3 and SMTP client.